Officially, there are 54 United Nations recognized African countries. Out of which 48 are part of mainland Africa, and there are six island nations. African continents have two disputed regions. Also, there are some territories governed by countries which are not a part of African Continents.
African Countries and their Capitals
African Countries recognized by the United Nations are listed below.
Capital of African Countries
Size of African Countries
Population of African Countries (2020)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
2,381,741 sq. Km
2,344,858 sq. Km
Cape Town (legislative),
1,861,484 sq. Km
1,759,540 sq. Km
1,284,000 sq. Km
1,267,000 sq. Km
1,246,700 sq. Km
1,240,192 sq. Km
1,221,037 sq. Km
Central African Republic
1,104,300 sq. Km
1,030,700 sq. Km
1,001,449 sq. Km
945,203 sq. Km
923,768 sq. Km
825,418 sq. Km
801,590 sq. Km
752,614 sq. Km
710,850 sq. Km
644,329 sq. Km
637,657 sq. Km
622,984 sq. Km
Republic of the Congo
587,041 sq. Km
581,726 sq. Km
580,367 sq. Km
475,442 sq. Km
390,757 sq. Km
342,000 sq. Km
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire)
322,460 sq. Km
Malabo (de jure),
Oyala (seat of government)
274,000 sq. Km
267,668 sq. Km
245,857 sq. Km
238,534 sq. Km
236,040 sq. Km
196,723 sq. Km
163,610 sq. Km
118,484 sq. Km
117,600 sq. Km
112,622 sq. Km
111,369 sq. Km
71,740 sq. Km
56,785 sq. Km
36,125 sq. Km
30,355 sq. Km
28,051 sq. Km
Lobamba (legislative, royal)
27,830 sq. Km
26,798 sq. Km
23,200 sq. Km
17,364 sq. Km
São Tomé and Príncipe
10,380 sq. Km
4,033 sq. Km
2,235 sq. Km
2,040 sq. Km
964 sq. Km
451 sq. Km
Territories ruled by European Countries in the African Continent.
Réunion, Mayotte and Saint Helena are the territories in the African Continent ruled by European Countries. France rules Réunion and Mayotte, and the United Kingdom governs Saint Helena.
Réunion, previously known as Île Bourbon, is an overseas department of France. Réunion, an island in the Indian Ocean has Madagascar 740 km in the west and Mauritius 175 Km in the north-east. Saint-Denis is the capital city of Réunion.
Réunion, a mountainous island with the volcanic origin is 2,511 sq. Km in size and has a population of 895,312 as of 2020. Official Language of Réunion is French, but more dominantly used language in this region is Réunion Creole.
Mayotte, also known as Department of Mayotte, is an overseas department and region of France. Mayotte consists of Grande-Terre, Petite-Terre and many Islets around these two islands. Mamoudzou, also known as Grande-Terre, is the capital of Mayotte. Mayotte, an island in the Indian Ocean, has African mainland Continents on its west and Madagascar on its south-east.
Size of Mayotte is 374 sq. Km with a population of 279,471 as of 2020. Official Language of Mayotte is French, but majorly spoken language are Shimaore and Kibushi.
Saint Helena, a mountainous island with the volcanic origin, is 121 sq. Km in size and has a population of 6,077 as of 2020. Saint Helena, Britain’s second-oldest overseas territory is an island in the Atlantic Ocean has African mainland continent 1950 Km on its east and Rio de Janeiro, South America 4000 km on its west.
English is the official language of Saint Helena. Jamestown also is known as the City of James Town is the capital of Saint Helena.
Disputed Regions of African Continents
Somaliland and Western Sahara are the two disputed regions in the African continent.
Somaliland also is known as the Republic of Somaliland is a self-declared country, which initially is a part of Somalia.
There is another dispute in the same region known as Puntland–Somaliland dispute which is a territorial dispute over three sectors (Sool, Sanaag and Ayn) between Self-declared country Somaliland and Puntland a state in Somalia.
Western Sahara is a disputed land which is partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and Morocco. Size of Western Sahara is 266,000 sq. Km with a population of only 500,000.
Conventionally there are five geographical regions or subregions in the African continent.
- North Africa
- West Africa
- Central Africa
- East Africa
- South Africa
Map of Five Regions of Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is a sub-division of the African Continent. North Africa starts from the Red Sea & the Suez Canal in the east and ends at Morocco in the west. Countries like Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Libya and Algeria are a part of North Africa and covers about 7,638,959 sq. Km.
Plazas de Soberania, Centa & Melilla and the Canary Island & Madeira are multiple Spanish and Portuguese controlled regions in North Africa.
Northern Africa Map
West Africa or Western Africa is also known as Hump of African continents, includes 16 Countries and Saint Helena, Britain’s overseas territory.
The northwestern region of Africa belongs to both North Africa and West Africa which consists of two areas Sahara and Maghrib
Countries like Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo belong to the Western region of Africa. West Africa covers about 5,112,903 sq. Km and has a population of 400,034,609 as of 2020.
Western Africa Map
Central Africa, a sub-division of the African Continent, stands between North Africa, West Africa, East Africa, South Africa, and the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
Countries like Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, The Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and island-like São Tomé and Príncipe belong to Central Africa. These counties and island together form an economic community Known as Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
Countries like Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, The Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon have the same currency as they are a member of Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC).
Central Africa Map
East Africa or Eastern Africa is a sub-division of the African Continent and is surrounded by North Africa, Central Africa, South Africa and the Indian Ocean on its west. Eastern Africa has a population of 443,390,274 as of 2020
Eastern Africa Includes countries and territories like Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Reunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia/Somaliland, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Eastern Africa Map
Southern Africa is a sub-division of the African Continent which includes countries like Botswana, Eswatini (Swaziland), Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa. South Africa is surrounded by East Africa & Central Africa in the North, Indian Ocean on its West, South Atlantic Ocean on its East. Southern Africa has a population of 67,362,091 as of 2020.
Southern Africa Map
Longest River in the world
The Nile is the longest river in the world with a length of 6,695 km. The Nile starts from Lake Victoria and ends in the Mediterranean Sea. It Flows from Lake Victoria into Lake Albert by the name Victoria Nile. From Lake Albert, it flows by the name of Albert Nile (Al-Jabal River) and merges with several Tributaries to become White Nile and then into the Nile to merge with the Mediterranean Sea.
Facts About Africa
- Africa, also known as the Dark Continent, it is the second-largest continent and covers about 30,221,532 sq. Km, which is about 20% of the world’s land. Also, the population of Africa is 1,333,597,726 and stands second in the world.
- According to the United Nations there are 54 African Countries which is the highest among the 7 continents of the world.
- Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa and has a height of 5,895 m (19,340 ft). Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira are the three volcanic cones of this mountain.
- Africa has a coastline of 30,500 km, which looks long but is shorter than Europe because there are inlets and Large Gulfs or Bays.
- Africa is surrounded by the Red Sea on its North-East, the Indian Ocean on its East, the Atlantic Ocean on its West and the Mediterranean Sea on its North.
- Africa is home to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization.
- Lake Victoria also known as Victoria Nyanza, shared by Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. The deepest point of Lake Victoria is 270 Feet and a surface area of 68,800 sq. Km.
- The lowest point in Africa is the saltwater Lake Assal which is 155 m (509 ft) below sea level.
- The Sahara Desert is the largest desert among the 7 continents of the world.
- Best places to live in African Countries are Pretoria, and Cape Town as the quality of life in another region is a little low.
- Man-Made Suez Canal distributes Asian Continent from African Continents which was joined initially by the Sinai Peninsula.
- There are 1500-2000 spoken Languages in African Countries which are divide into four Major languages Afro-Asiatic (Berber Language), Nilo-Saharan, Khoi-San and Bantu (Niger-Congo).
- African Countries have been tectonically more stable. Congo, Kaapvaal, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Western region of Africa have been stable for more than two billion years ago.
- Madagascar, Seychelles, Socotra, Comoros, Mauritius, Réunion, Ascension, St. Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Cape Verde, The Bissagos Islands, Bioka, São Tomé & Príncipe, Azores, Madeira and Canary are the Island of African Continents.
- African countries are home to multiple foreign settlements. Among all the foreign settelments Arabs made the most significant impact on African Countries as Islam is spread from North Africa to many areas south of the Sahara.
- Lake Malawi is known as Lake Nayasa and is 580 Km long with a maximum width of 80 Km and has the deepest point at 2,310 feet.
- A more significant part of Africa lies within the tropical region. As Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern part of Africa and Tropic of Capricorn passes through the southern part of Africa.
- The Atlas Mountains dominates the Northern region of Africa, and the area is known by the name Atlas Lands which includes Countries like Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
- Africa is a mineral-rich continent and contains minerals like Fossil fuels, antimony, asbestos, bauxite, copper, cobalt, chromium, manganese, gold, nickel, lead, phosphate, palladium, platinum, titanium, and uranium.
- The Nile river in the African continent is the longest river among seven continents of the world which starts from Lake Victoria and Ends in the Mediterranean Sea.
- Ethiopia, a country in East Africa, is the hottest place on this planet.
- African Countries are famous for its Biodiversity, wildlife in the Eastern and Southern regions of Africa and equatorial rainforests in Central Africa.
- Africa is home to a variety of unique animals, including the African Elephant, Pangolin, Ethiopian wolf, Black Rhino, White Rhino, Africa Wild Dog, and Rothschild’s Giraffe.