8 Continents of the World
There are eight (8) continents in the world. These eight (8) continents have multiple numbers of countries forming them.
Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and Antarctica are the seven (7) continents of the world, and these continents cover about twenty-seven percent (27%) of land across the globe. Whereas Zealandia is a submerged continent known as the eight (8) continent of the world.
Once upon a time, these eight (8) continents were just a single continent named Pangaea. In billions of years, Pangaea gradually broke apart because of the tectonic plate shift and formed eight (8) continents of the world. Research says North America and Europe are still moving apart at the rate of seven centimeters per year (7 cm/year).
8 Continents of the World
How many countries are there in the world?
There are one hundred and ninety-five (195) United Nations recognized countries in the world. Among them, one hundred and ninety-three (193) are an official member of the United Nations, and two (2) nations the Holy See and Palestine have observer status.
Some countries believe there are one hundred and ninety-seven (197) countries. Like one hundred and ten (110) members of the United Nations recognize Kosovo as a country, and Taiwan officially named “The Republic of China” is known as a country among twenty-one (21) members of the United Nations.
Each of the eight (8) continents have multiple numbers of countries listed below.
Continents by Size
Population of Continents
2 (Included in Oceanic)
30,221,532 sq. Km
44,579,000 sq. Km
10,180,000 sq. Km
24,709,000 sq. Km
8,525,989 sq. Km
17,840,000 sq. Km
14,000,000 sq. Km
4,920,000 sq. Km
Facts about the eight (8) continents of the world
If you consider North America and South America as one continent America, then you will notice all the continents of the world start and end with the same alphabet except the newly found continent Zealandia.
- Asia is the world’s largest continent and covers about thirty percent (30%) of the world’s land, which is approximately 44,579,000 sq. Km. Also, the population of 4,632,549,287, which is about sixty percent (60%) of the Earth, belong to this continent.
- The most populated countries of the World, India, and China belong to this continent. Also, Asia contains Russia, which is the largest country in the world.
- Number of countries in Asia are forty-eight (48), according to the United Nations.
- Among the new seven (7) wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal, Petra, and The Great Wall of China are from Asia.
- Mesopotamia, Indus Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan Civilization and Jiahu Civilization, also known as Chinese Civilization, are three of the ancient civilizations which began in Asia.
- Bengal Tiger, Indian Rhinoceros, Giant Panda, Malayan Tapir, Bactrian Camel, Indian Cobra are some of the rare species of animals found only in Asia.
- Top sixty-seven (67) highest mountain peaks in the world are from the Asian Continent.
- Cherrapunji and Mawsynram from the state of Meghalaya, India, receives the highest rainfall in the world.
- Africa, also known as the Dark Continent, it is the second-largest continent and covers about 30,221,532 sq. Km of the world’s land. Also, the population of Africa is 1,333,597,726 and stands second in the world.
- According to the United Nations, fifty-four (54) countries are a part of the Africa continent, which is the highest among all the continents of the world.
- Africa is home to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization.
- Africa is a mineral-rich continent and contains minerals like antimony, asbestos, bauxite, copper, cobalt, chromium, manganese, gold, nickel, lead, phosphate, palladium, platinum, titanium, and uranium.
- The Nile river in the African continent is the world’s longest river. Also, the Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert.
- Ethiopia, a country in East Africa, is the hottest place on this planet.
- Africa is home to a variety of unique animals, including the African Elephant, Pangolin, Ethiopian wolf, Black Rhino, White Rhino, Africa Wild Dog, and Rothschild’s Giraffe.
- The total number of countries in Australia is three (3), but if we consider region including and surrounding, Australia often called ‘Oceania,’ then the total count changes to fourteen (14) countries.
- Desert area in Australia is known as the ‘outback’ because it covers about two-thirds of its landmass.
- Due to its isolation and its large size, Australia is also known as the ‘island continent.’
- Australia has 750 species of reptiles, which is the highest in the world.
- Koala, Kangaroo, Emu, Kookaburra, and platypus are some of the unique animals found in Australia.
- The population of sheep in Australia is about 63.7 million that makes Australia the highest producer of wool.
- The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef stretching for 2,600 Km.
- Although Mesopotamia civilization is considered one of the oldest in the world’s history and started on the Australian continent.
4. Facts about Antarctica
- Antarctica, also known as White Continent or the Frozen Continent, is the coldest place on Earth.
- On February 9, 2020, Antarctica recorded its highest temperature ever, which was 20.75 °C (69.3 °F).
- On July 21, 1983, Antarctica’s Vostok station recorded its lowest temperature, which was -89.2 °C (-128.56 °F).
- Antarctica size is about 14,000,000 sq. Km, but its size changes in winter to about 14,200,000 sq. Km because of the ice formation.
- Antarctica has about 90 percent of the world’s freshwater ice, and 70 percent of the world’s freshwater.
- October to February are summers in Antarctica, the sun is always in the sky and doesn’t set at all. The coldest temperature can be around -35 °C (-31 °F).
- Antarctica’s winter is from March to September. During this time, it is pitch dark, and the temperature can range between -40 °C to -70 °C (-40 °F to -94 °F)
- Whales, Penguins, Seals, Snow Petrels are some of the animals found in Antarctica.
- The size of the European continent is about 10,180,000 sq. Km, which contains 50 countries and a population of 747,540,295.
- Vatican City is the world’s smallest country within the city of Rome.
- Wolf, Bear, and Lynx are rare animals found in the European continent. Also, there are more than 800 types of bird species found in Europe, which in the winter season, migrate to a different part of the world.
- Trans-Siberian Rail Route, located in Europe, is the longest rail route in the world, which connects Vladivostok in the east and St Petersburg in the west.
- Moscow connects to five seas through its rivers and canals known by the name ‘Port of Five Seas.’
- The European continent is surrounded by water on three sides, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea (southern part), the Arctic Ocean (northern part), and the Atlantic Ocean (western part).
- Asia and Europe are a large piece of land that is separated by the Caspian Sea and the Ural mountain ranges.
- Hum, a town in Croatia, is the smallest town in the world and has only 21 inhabitants.
- The Roman Colosseum of Rome is one of the new seven wonders of the world.
6. Facts about North America
- The size of the North American continent is about 24,709,000 sq. Km, which contains 23 countries and a population of 368,391,744 people.
- Lake Superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world.
- Cuba, also called the ‘sugar bowl of the world,’ is the world’s largest sugar exporter among the seven continents.
- Chichen Itza from Mexico is one of the new seven wonders of the world.
- The Moose also called Alces and the Elk, also known as wapiti, are the tallest animal on the North American continent.
- The USA has the largest economy in the world.
- The Elf owl, which is 5 – 6 inches tall, is the smallest in the world.
- Black Bear, Key Deer, Caribou, Wood Bison, and Sonoran Pronghorn are some of the rare species found only in North America.
North America Map
7. Facts about South America
- The size of the South American continent is about 17,840,000 sq. Km, which contains 12 countries and a population of 430,016,503.
- Venezuela’s Angel Falls is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall.
- Mt. Cotopaxi and Mt. Chimborazo are the highest volcanoes of the world found in South America.
- Brazil, in South America, is the largest coffee producer in the world.
- South America’s Amazon is the world’s largest river as per water volume and the second-longest (6440 km) river on this planet.
- Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt lake in the world.
- Mt. Aconcagua in Argentina ranks 68th among the highest mountain in the world. All the mountains listed before that are from the Asian continent.
- The green anaconda is the world’s largest snake and ranks second in the list of world’s longest snake.
- Among the new seven (7) wonders of the world, Christ the Redeemer Statue in Rio de Janeiro and Machu Picchu in Peru are from South America.
- Leatherback Sea Turtle, Tapir, Jaguar, Manatee, Ornate Hawk-Eagle are some of the rare species found only in South America.
South America Map
- The size of the Zealandia continent is about 4,920,000 sq. Km, which contains 2 countries (which are also included in Oceania) and a population of 5,107,731.
- The continent of Zealandia was proposed in 1995 by Bruce Luyendyk
- Zealandia was confirmed as the 8th continent of the world in 2017.
- Another name of Zealandia is Tasmantis.
- About 94% of the Zealandia is underwater, therefore known as the drowned continent or submerged continent.
- Zealandia qualifies as the continent as its crust is the continental crust which is very different from the oceanic crust.